Irradiation is used to terminate food poisoning bacteria, like that of campylobacter, salmonella and E. coli. Irradiation also helps in stopping the vegetable sprouting and is widely used to delay fruit ripening. In the United kingdom , according to laws only irradiated spices, herbs or vegetable seasonings can be traded.

Food irradiation is the process of exposing food to ionizing radiation to kill bacteria, insects, viruses or microorganisms that might infect the food items. Not only this but the process of Food Irradiation can also be applied to improvement of rehydration, delay of ripening, increase of juice yield and include sprout inhibition.

Technically the term Irradiation is a more generic and is commonly used for deliberate exposure to controlled radiation of different items to achieve a technical goal